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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Orhan I (1281 Sogut ? March 1362 Bursa), was the second Bey, or chief, of the nascent Ottoman Empire (then known as the Osmanli principality) from 1324 to 1362. He was the son of Osman I, and his mother was Mal Hatun, daughter of Abdulaziz Bey.In the early stages of his reign, Orhan focused his energies on conquering most of northwestern Anatolia. The majority of these areas were under Byzantine rule and he won the first battle, the Battle of Pelekanon, against the Byzantine Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos. Orhan also occupied the lands of Karesi Principality ruled by a Turkish Emir and of Ankara which was controlled by religious fraternity-guilds called Ahis.
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