Plasma Physics - An Introduction to Laboratory, Space, and Fusion Plasmas
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The enlarged new edition of this textbook provides a comprehensive introduction to the basic processes in plasmas and demonstrates that the same fundamental concepts describe cold gas-discharge plasmas, space plasmas, and hot fusion plasmas. Starting from particle drifts in magnetic fields, the principles of magnetic confinement fusion are explained and compared with laser fusion. Collective processes are discussed in terms of plasma waves and instabilities. The concepts of plasma description by magnetohydrodynamics, kinetic theory, and particle simulation are stepwise introduced. Space charge effects in sheath regions, double layers and plasma diodes are given the necessary attention. The novel fundamental mechanisms of dusty plasmas are explored and integrated into the framework of conventional plasmas. The book concludes with a concise description of modern plasma discharges.
Written by an internationally renowned researcher in experimental plasma physics, the text keeps the mathematical apparatus simple and emphasizes the underlying concepts. The guidelines of plasma physics are illustrated by a host of practical examples, preferentially from plasma diagnostics. There, Langmuir probe methods, laser interferometry, ionospheric sounding, Faraday rotation, and diagnostics of dusty plasmas are discussed. Though primarily addressing students in plasma physics, the book is easily accessible for researchers in neighboring disciplines, such as space science, astrophysics, material science, applied physics, and electrical engineering.
This second edition has been thoroughly revised and contains substantially enlarged chapters on plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas and plasma discharges. Probe techniques have been rearranged into basic theory and a host of practical examples for probe techniques in dc, rf, and space plasmas. New topics in dusty plasmas, such as plasma crystals, Yukawa balls, phase transitions and attractive forces have been adopted. The chapter on plasma discharges now contains a new section on conventional and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering. The recently discovered electrical asymmetry effect in capacitive rf-discharges is described.
The text is based on an introductory course to plasma physics and advanced courses in plasma diagnostics, dusty plasmas, and plasma waves, which the author has taught at Kiel University for three decades. The pedagogical approach combines detailed explanations, a large number of illustrative figures, short summaries of the basics at the end of each chapter, and a selection of problems with detailed solutions.
Covers all modern fields of plasma physics, such as low-temperature plasmas, plasma discharges and plasma diagnostics
Places emphasis on experimental point of view and laboratory applications
Gives an introduction to forefront research on complex plasmas, like non-neutral or dusty plasmas
Can serve both as graduate text to newcomers in the field and a reference for professional low-temperature plasma researchers
Contains chapter intros and summaries, many high quality figures, boxed inserts, problems and solutions, as well as a glossary
Prof. Dr. Alexander Piel obtained his PhD in plasma physics from Ruhr-Universität Bochum in 1977 and habilitated in 1986. Since 1989 he is full professor of atomic and plasma physics at Kiel University. The author is a fellow of the American Physical Society and served as chair of the plasma physics division of Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft (German Physical Society). He has published more than 200 peer-reviewed articles in international journals and several book chapters.